LHP E79 - Head Up CPR – Not So FAST

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EMS History is full of interventions we've rapidly adopted, often at great expense and with disruption of existing processes, that later turned out to, how should I say this..... not work. Want examples? MAST and high-volume crystalloids in trauma. Mechanical compression devices, high-dose epinephrine, indiscriminate calcium administration in cardiac arrest. Do I even need to mention backboards? The next bright, shiny thing promising to revolutionize cardiac arrest resuscitation is Head-Up CPR. It's certainly expensive and disruptive, but does it improve outcomes? What is the evidence?

Dr. Jarvis has thoughts. He goes deep on this topic, using a recent paper on Head-Up CPR to discuss how he evaluates new interventions for adoption. Oh, and he has thoughts on science in general.

1. Moore JC, Pepe PE, Scheppke KA, Lick C, Duval S, Holley J, Salverda B, Jacobs M, Nystrom P, Quinn R, et al.: Head and thorax elevation during cardiopulmonary resuscitation using circulatory adjuncts is associated with improved survival. Resuscitation. 2022;October;179:9–17.
2. Swaminathan A: Heads Up! There is No Association with Improved Outcomes for Head Up CPR: Why We Must Read Past the Abstract.RebelEM. Available at https://rebelem.com/heads- up-there-is-no-association-with-improved-outcomes-for-head-up-cpr-why-we-must-read-past-the-abstract/.
3. Mohan M, Swaminathan AK: Heads Up! Data Dredging Coming Through: Heads Up Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Does Not Improve Outcomes. Annals of Emergency Medicine. 2023;February;81(2):244–5.
4. Jarvis J: Not so fast: More evidence needed in head-up CPR.ems1.com. Available at https://www.ems1.com/ems-products/cpr-resuscitaCon/arCcles/not-so-fast-more-evidence- needed-in-head-up-cpr-ZK2O7yt5eb8jryYm/. Accessed December 9, 2023.
5. Moore JC: Faster Cme to automated elevation of the head and thorax during cardiopulmonary resuscitation increases the probability of return of spontaneous circulation. ResuscitaCon. 2022;Jan(170):62–9.
6. Pepe PE, Scheppke KA, Antevy PM, Crowe RP, Millstone D, Coyle C, Prusansky C, Garay S, Ellis R, Fowler RL, et al.: Confirming the Clinical Safety and Feasibility of a Bundled Methodology to Improve Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Involving a Head-Up/Torso-Up Chest Compression
Technique. Crit Care Med. 2019;March;47(3):449–55.
7. Metro Fire Chiefs: First-In Responders Providing Neuroprotective (“Heads-Up”) CPR as the Standard of Care for Emergency Medical Services Systems.NFPA. Available at https://www.nfpa.org/-/media/Files/Membership/member-secCons/Metro-Chiefs/Urban-FireForum/2023/UFF23_NPCPR-PosiCon-Statement.ashx. Accessed November 4, 2023.
LHP E79 - Head Up CPR – Not So FAST
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